Over the last few weeks, professional financial planners have been fielding calls from clients who are asking the kinds of questions that every professional investor hates to hear, such as:
"The Dow has passed by 21,000, should I take money off the table?" and "My preferred candidate didn't win the election, and I think the world is going to hell in a hand basket. Don't you think I should sell my stocks now before it's too late?"
The first question is the easier one to answer. It seems to be human nature to have a strange fascination with round numbers. Why should Dow 21,000 be any different, from a pure investing standpoint, than Dow 19,774.83 or Dow 20,093.65? The questions about this magic number become even sillier when you realize that the Dow is made up of just 30 out of many thousands of American-based companies.
As to the second question, the real issue is the eternal question: what's coming next in the markets? If you did sell the day before the election you should know that the S & P 500 is up 15% from Election Day thru March 1st 2017. Who would have predicted that?
The only truthful answer to that question, however it's phrased, is: we don't know. As investors, we need to take that answer very seriously.
After President Obama was elected, financial planners were fielding questions from their angry and frightened conservative clients, who were asking to bail on their stock portfolios in anticipation of the country going to hell in a hand basket. But ask yourself: how did that work out? Those investors would have missed the longest running bull market in memory.
Then, for the last five years at least, the experts were certain that bond rates were just about to rise dramatically, and many professional investors stayed ultra-short to avoid the losses. How did that work out? Bonds stayed where they were for five more years, and those investors missed out on percentage points of additional yield.
For the last four years at least, people have been saying that the current bull market is long in the tooth, what with the markets testing new highs. Over and over they felt like it was a good time to take their winnings off the table. How did that work out? They would have bailed before the markets repeatedly broke record highs.
So now we have a situation where the other half of the country is still reeling from the election results and predicting that the country is going to hell in a hand basket. Advisors are doing everything they can to keep clients from acting emotionally rather than rationally.
The rational way to frame the question about taking money off the table is: can you afford to lose some percentage of your assets—and that percentage figure depends on how aggressive is your asset allocation—before the markets recover? Will you have time to recover? You need to know your time horizon before you are going to need the assets. Even if you are retired you still need some growth your portfolio.
If you're decumulating in retirement, or just approaching retirement, that percentage you can afford to lose will be lower than it would be for a millennial investor or somebody late in retirement. Therefore, having a few years of your expenses in cash or short-term bonds will allow you to weather any pull backs in the market.
One way of determining your risk tolerance would be to look back historically, take a hard look at the darkest days for your particular mix of assets, and note the times it breached that floor. (Hint: check out early 2009.) Would you panic and sell if your portfolio had a similar outcome today?
If your time horizon allows you to wait out a drop in your current portfolio, then you will inevitably be rewarded by new market highs at some point after the bear (and there will be a bear) is over.